هدف: هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی همبستگی میان ذهنیت فلسفی و دقت بازیابی جامعه آماری از پایگاههای اطلاعاتی علمی مورد مطالعه است.
روش شناسی: روش پژوهش نیمه تجربی و کاربردی است. جامعه پژوهش شامل 42 پژوهشگر در رشتههای مختلف علوم در شهر تهران بود که به روش نمونهگیری هدفمند انتخاب شده بودند. برای سنجش وضعیت ذهنیت فلسفی کاربران از پرسشنامه استاندارد سلطانی (1375) در این پژوهش آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامهی ذهنیت فلسفی 91/0 بود. از آزمودنیها خواسته شد تا بر اساس نیاز اطلاعاتی واقعی خود، کلیدواژهی مورد نظر خود را پایگاههای اطلاعاتی علمی مورد مطالعه جستجو کنند و مدارک مرتبط و تاحدودی مرتبط را در هریک از صفحات نتایج بازیابی مشخص کنند. برای اندازه گیری دقت بازیابی از فرمول دقت یا مانعیت استفاده شد.
یافته ها: نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد دقت بازیابی کاربران مشابه یکدیگر نبود و کاربران با وضعیت ذهنیت فلسفی خوب مدارک مرتبط بیشتری را نسبت به سایر کاربران بازیابی کردند. در حالت کلی، بین میزان ذهنیت فلسفی افراد با دقت پژوهشگران در بازیابی اطلاعات از پایگاههای اطلاعاتی علمی مورد مطالعه همبستگی مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد. از ویژگیهای جمعیتشناختی کاربران جنسیت، سن، وضعیت تأهل، نوع شغل و آخرین مدرک تحصیلی با میزان دقت بازیابی بالا و ذهنیت فلسفی آن ها رابطه مثبت و معناداری وجود دارد.
نتیجه گیری: با رشد ذهنیت فلسفی پژوهشگران، آنها دقت بیشتری در بازیابی اطلاعات از پایگاههای اطلاعاتی مورد مطالعه از خود نشان می دهند.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Correlation Researchers Philosophic mindedness on precision of information retrieval from scientific information databases
Background and Objectives: The major aim of current research was "to identify the correlation between the state of the philosophic mindedness and the accuracy of their retrieval in selected information databases include Scopus, ProQuest, Science Direct, and Sege and Web of Knowledge Databases. Present research also seeks to answer the following questions:
1. What is the average philosophic mindedness of the researchers?
2. What is the average of users' retrieval accuracy from the databases under investigation?
3. Which of the demographic features of the statistical society has a crucial linkage with the psychological mindedness?
4. Which of the demographic features of the statistical society has a crucial linkage with the users’ retrieval accuracy from the databases under investigation?
Ultimately, the research hypothesis that "there is a significant correlation between the philosophic subjectivity of the statistical society and their recovery accuracy" will be examined.
Methodology: The research method utilized here was semi-experimental. Participants of present survey were 42 researchers in different fields of science (humanities, medical sciences, engineering sciences, arts and basic sciences) in public universities in Tehran, who were chosen on the basis of targeted sampling of the research. In this study, it was endeavored to select factors such as lack of familiarity with search strategies, lack of knowledge of English, and the lack of knowledge of the English language by selecting students to write master's degree dissertation or doctoral theses and autonomous researchers with a master's degree or doctorate in order control the factors so that they will not affect the research outcomes. The Soltani’s philosophic Concept (1996) was utilized to measure the status of the philosophic mindedness of the statistical society. Different studies have been carried out on its validity and reliability. Cronbach's alpha was reported to be 0.91. To elaborate upon the outcomes received from the research data, the mean and standard deviations were deployed for data analysis and Chi-square, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA, T-test and Pearson correlation were used to analyze the relationship between variables.
Findings: The analysis of the characteristics of the philosophic mindedness of the statistical society is indicative that the category of "good and pleasant philosophic mindedness" is most frequent with 21 people, as well as the category of "philosophic mindedness" with three (7.1%) was the least frequent among the participants. In other words, the users enjoyed the "philosophic mindedness". According to the statistical analysis, Scopus's database has retrieved the most r and semi-relevant resources and the Science Direct database has retrieved the least pertinent, semi-related resources. Thus, the Scopus, Sage, ProQuest, Web of knowledge and Science Directories databases have the highest accuracy or precision in data retrieval from the researchers’ point of view. Based on the results of the statistical analysis, the relationship between the philosophic mindedness and the demographic features of the statistical society, there is a significant relationship between the philosophic mindedness of the users and their gender. The analysis also indicated that there is a strong relationship between the accuracy of the retrieval of the statistical sample of the outcomes retrieved in the scientific research databases and their marital status. Moreover, between the accuracy of the retrieval of the statistical sample of the outcomes in all studied bases and their last degree of education is significant, and with increased education, researchers retrieve and find more relevant sources from the databases. The analysis reveals that there is a positive and significant correlation with the reliability of 99% and the level of error less than 0.01 between the variables of the philosophic mindedness of users and the accuracy of their recovery of the results retrieved from the scientific databases. Besides, the intensity of the relationship of all bases with the philosophic mindedness at the strongest level is almost the same which signifies that by raising the philosophic subjectivity of the statistical sample, they will assess the resources with a higher concentration and decision-making power which ultimately will lead to a better retrieval accuracy in the selection of related resources.
Discussion: The results received from current study resembles to the outcomes of the study on the impact of the philosophic mindedness of people on facilitating decision-making. Researches have reported that individuals with a high philosophic mindedness have the right decision-making power and have a high ability to handle and run all affairs. The previous findings also signify that people with a high philosophic mindedness make good decisions to promote their performance. Related judgments in data retrieval from search engines are a kind of decision-making process in the research process that has a direct impact on the philosophic mindedness of users so people with a high philosophic mindedness have better recovery. Based on the results, there is a positive and significant relationship between the accuracy of data retrieval from scientific databases and marital status. These outcomes are in line with the findings of the research. In previous studies, there are also individual, psychological, emotional, and demographic factors of the statistical sample such as gender, age, marital status, education, and occupation of the statistical sample had a positive and significant relationship with the accuracy of data retrieval from the databases.